The study of history has much to teach humanity about the human condition. People have used standard methods to engage in conflicts for a long time. For centuries, people have warred over places, assets and access to population growth centers. Humans used many methods to conduct warfare against other groups of humans. One such method is what is known as a trabuco.
The trabuco is an ancient war machine that was used to create an opening that allowed leaders and their large bands of soldiers to shoot large amount of materials to other places. Under the use of this kind of machine, it was possible to hurl a tremendous amount of dangerous materials including large rocks over the largest of fences. This weapon was one that was used across many places from China in Asia to many city states in Europe according to. Over time, it became a weapon that many people felt great fear about because it was such an efficient weapon. The leaders of varied societies also felt the need to rely on it to wage ever increasing rounds of warfare.
Read more on wordreference.com
One of the many advantages of using the trabuco is that the weapon is one that is highly adaptable. Unlike some other kinds of weapons that were commonly in use in the ancient world, this one was one that could be adapted and came in many sizes. This made it really easy to create weapons that could be transported easily from one area to another area. Those who used the weapon could create very large versions that required a great number of men to bring it from one place to another. It was also possible to create much smaller versions that allowed even individual soldiers to carry a trabuco on their own as they walked out on the battlefield. They did not need to carry a heavy weapon that might damage their ability to move very swiftly when under attack by another army in the area. The fact that this weapon could be moved easily is why it was favored for so long by so many societies.
Find more about Trabuco: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCS7mm_kj7I
Catapults were mostly used to launch different types of artillery such as boulders, fireballs, etc., into castle walls or other fortresses to gain access. Today, when you think of a weaponized catapult, most people envision the ones the Europeans used around in the early 1200’s, the ones that had gear and pulley systems. The Trabuco, however, was one of the first traction catapults operated by humans. It is believed to have been designed by the Chinese and dates back to around 300 B.C.
The original Trabuco consisted of a long arm with a short arm a few feet below. The short arm attached cross-wise and had attached to it a detachable counter balance – a bag or box filled with material such as sand or dirt. A sling loaded with projectiles (boulders, rocks, fire balls) was attached to the end of the long arm. When the sling is pulled to the ground it raises the counter weight. Once the counterweight is released to the ground, the sling (filled with it’s projectiles) is shot into the air with great force, the kinetic energy from the counterweight falling to the ground. Once the long arm abruptly stops moving, its projectiles are thrust forward raining down on the enemy.
Trabuco, when used in war were massive in size and took about 12 days to construct. The simplicity of the machine is what made it so appealing that, and the fact it could be built on-site. The soldiers who operated the trebuchet were called “gynours.” Gynours were under constant attack by enemy arrows and artillery in an attempt to stop the machine’s fury and/or burn it to the ground.
The most famous and massive trebuchet ever constructed was called the WarWolf according to spanishdict.com. In 1304 King Edward ordered the massive weapon’s construction in an attempt to overtake Scotland’s Sterling Castle. Once completed the WarWolf stood between 300 and 400 feet tall and could hurl stones or other artillery at speeds of over 100 miles per hour. It is said that there was no castle wall the WarWolf couldn’t take down. When construction first began, Scotland refused to surrender, however when they realized the massive size of the trebuchet they tried to surrender. In response, however, King Edward filled the sling with the Scottish soldiers to test his powerful machine written on wordreference.com. Needless to say King Edward was successful in gaining access to the castle.
These machines were in use for hundreds of years but eventually became extinct with the invention of gun powder and cannons.