Comparative Law can be defined as the study of the relationship between two or more legal systems or between rules governing more than one system. The study aims at comparing the different legal systems, and coming up with findings relating to the study conducted on the different legal cultures.
This plays an important role in understanding the different foreign legal systems. It helps in harmonizing and unifying international laws, which contributes to international cooperation. The various common laws studied using comparative law include the civil law, socialist law, Islamic law, Canon law, common law, Chinese law among others.
The study of Comparative law as an academic discipline involves identifying the constitutive elements, similarities and differences of the various legal systems. All these are combined to come up with a working legal system. Through the use of comparative law, different branches of the same have been developed. These include; comparative constitutional law, comparative civil law, comparative administrative law and also comparative commercial law among others.
Comparative law mainly serves various purposes. These include attaining deeper knowledge of the legal systems in context, perfecting the legal system in use as well as unifying the different legal systems. The various branches of law greatly borrow a lot from comparative law. This is because comparative law can be used by various international entities, such as the United Nations. It also provides a possibility of legal transplants, development of international legal approaches in conflict analysis. Legal theories are as well possible to develop from comparative law
Sujit Choudhry happens to be an internationally recognized authority dealing with comparative constitutional law. He is able to combine different research agendas with experience gained. Sujit Choudhry has experience as an advisor to various constitutional processes in countries such as Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Nepal, South Africa and Ukraine. Click on blogs.law.nyu.edu for related article. His research is based on developing a system to manage the transition from conflict based violence to a peaceful democratic mode of politics. This mostly applies to ethnically divided societies and other entities which may be experiencing conflict based on their legal systems. More to read about Sujit on therisnoconsensus.com.
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His work has been seen in various publications which include; The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, Constitutional Design for Divided Societies and The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution. Choudhry happens to be a member of the Board of Editors handling the International Journal of Constitutional Law, the Constitutional Court Review, as well as the Editorial Advisory Board for the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law. Check this latest article written by Sujit on activistpost.com.
For a closer glimpse on Sujit profile visit http://officialsujitchoudhry.com/